Kevincalvey.com – The popularity of the 4G network as the primary network is progressively being replaced by the existence of the 5G network as technology develops and societal demands change. The rising popularity of streaming video and music has caused human internet data consumption to rise yearly, like an oasis in the middle of a desert.
As the primary network, 4G appears to no longer be able to deliver internet of the highest quality due to increasingly crowded spectrum bands. Because of this, Chinese tech giant Huawei Technologies is actively working to build 5G technology. In reality, this technology has led to a conflict between Donald Trump and Huawei, who are thought to be snooping on other nations.
What precisely is 5G technology, then, and why are so many major suppliers competing to offer devices with 5G capabilities? When and to what extent will 5G network roll out the frequency of this cutting-edge technology globally?
How Does 5G Technology Work?
According to Qualcomm, 5G technology is a fifth-generation cellular network that offers data upload and download rates 10 to 20 times faster than earlier internet generations.
The advent of 5G technology aims to bring customers convenience through fast data speeds, low latency, broad network connections, and fibers with increased network capacity. In other words, 5G technology will allow you to use the internet 500% quicker than 4G LTE, the current standard.
Who then developed 5G technology? He is Michael Lemke, a German citizen with a PhD in physics who is credited as the creator of the 5G network. It is said that he began his research in 2016, namely, at the Dresden University of Technology in Germany, to understand the development of 5G technology.
Michael Lemke is a physicist in addition to holding a significant role as a senior technological specialist at Huawei, one of the well-known cellular firms. He has 24 years of experience in the field of communication technology.
A Comparison Of 5G And 4G Networks
4G and 5G may come up frequently in conversation. But do you understand the distinction between the two? General differences between 4G and 5G include:
5G provides substantially greater and better bandwidth and capacity compared to 4G. The theoretical top speed of 4G is around 300 Mbps. This statistic deviates from reality since the average 4G speed is only between 40 and 60 Mbps.
Contrast that with 5G, which typically offers rates of up to 1 Gbps or ten times that of 4G. Even industry giants such as Huawei assert to have developed a 5G modem with a top speed of 6.5 Gbps.
The upload speed on the 4G network may reach 17.7 Mbps. Meanwhile, the 5G network’s upload speed can reach 23.7 Mbps.
The signal strength between 4G and 5G differs as well. The 5G network provides a better signal distribution, is more directional, and doesn’t generate interference because it uses shorter wavelengths. However, the 4G signal’s uneven dispersion can potentially squander energy and transmitter power.
The distinction between 4G and 5G is also the device’s intelligence. 5G networks can discriminate between fixed and mobile devices thanks to cognitive radio methods recognizing each device. Of course, 4G cannot be used for this.
In milliseconds, latency is the time it takes for data to reach its destination; where the network performs better, the lower the latency. The 5G network delivers a lot shorter latency than the slower 4G network. Ultra-reliable, low-latency connections (URLLC) are the 5G low-latency standard abbreviation.
Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G Technology
As was already noted, the development of human communication has been significantly aided by the 5G network. Human everyday activities in the area of communication and data exchange have become simpler and faster as a result of 5G.
5G technology provides benefits over LTE, which only has a subcarrier spacing of up to 15 kHz, despite containing OFDM. While 5G is capable of more. With a big capacity—up to 100 times larger than 4G technology—5G is also flexible enough to work with various gadgets. As a result, an increasing number of smart devices can connect to and adapt to the 5G network.
Nearly No Delay
Broad connections, faster transmission speeds than the previous generation, and nearly no latency are all features of 5G technology. It is well known that the 5G network has a 4–5 millisecond latency. It can even be shortened to 1 millisecond. Thanks to this brief delay, users of 5G technology may watch high-resolution movies without buffering.
5G technology has existed to lower energy usage from the start. It can lower data traffic by 10%, which lowers energy usage.
Fast data transfer rates are also very important for developing energy-efficient technology. It is just that 5G networks contain more data bits per kilowatt of electricity than older generations and are greener.
Negative Effects of 5G Technology
It turns out that 5G has some drawbacks you may not be aware of behind these incredible perks. What are the drawbacks? Here’s the list.
Full Radio Frequency
As is well known, 3G and 4G, which were previously existent, currently occupy a large portion of the radio spectrum. Given how the radio frequency bands are set up, it’s not improbable that a 6 GHz 5G network may cause issues.
Security and Privacy
According to research findings, 5G poses issues with security and privacy. The security level of 5G technology is purportedly vulnerable due to the simplicity of sending high-quality data.
Low Penetration Force
There is one additional disadvantage to 5G technology that you may not be aware of. 5G technology provides a much larger connection. However, it has relatively low penetration power. 5G networks are less than ideal for piercing obstructions like buildings, walls, concrete, trees, and other obstructions, in contrast to their previous networks.
Well, those are the discussion Kevincalvey can give you about 5G technology, its advantages and disadvantages, and also how the technology work. The 5G network has already released globally now, but only limited devices capable of implementing 5G network. Maybe in several years ahead, we might see the major adoption of 5G technology globally.